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How Article And COVID-19 Stopped The Education In Kashmir And Changed The Whole Kashmir.

Upended article 370 – a constitutional provision that provided a semblance of autonomy to the region – and bifurcated the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into two centrally administered union territories. These changes had been followed by strict restrictions on movement and communication blockade.  In March 2020, when the first case of coronavirus was detected in Kashmir, the government had barely begun to ease some of the restrictions on movement and provided access to a list of government-approved sites on 2G Internet. In early March, broadband was restored, and some local politicians were released from jail. Then soon after the case was detected, the lockdown was re-imposed with new rules and restrictions.In 2019 the School, colleges and universities were completely shut down that was the major reason of education Stop in Kashmir.Then another thing hit the education system of Kashmir badly and that was COVID-19.
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The Covid-19 made its ingress into Kashmir in March 2020 and the lockdown ensued as in other places where the virus has made inroads. Elsewhere, in India or outside, the lockdown, sometimes violently enforced, was a novel method to curtail public movement and restrict social gatherings. In Kashmir, familiar with lockdowns that could stretch for months together, its novelty rested in its overtly non-political nature. When the Indian government announced a country wide lockdown to stymie the proliferation of Covid-19, Kashmir had barely begun to crawl out of a six month lockdown.Unlike a seemingly interminable military lockdown that commenced in August2019, the Covid-19 lockdown enjoyed a broader legitimacy among the populace.Firstly, it stemmed from the basic survival instincts among the people that anen forced quarantine is for their own good, as it minimises the exposure with infected people; secondly, from an acute awareness of a crumbling medical infrastructure in Kashmir. Conscious of how the virus had wrecked the lives and economies and severely undermined the world-class healthcare systems in the developed world, people in Kashmir could foresee that Covid-19 portends a macabre future for them. A community level response system was initiated at many places by forming mohalla level committees tasked to enforce lockdown and more importantly assist authorities by informing them about people with travel histories in their areas. Mosque loudspeakers were used to exhort people with Covid-19 like symptoms to get tested at hospitals. Kashmir, like other places, is beset with similar challenges posed by the rapidly proliferating virus, but a ramshackle healthcare system makes the problem that much more challenging. Hospitals even in normal times are overburdened and unable to provide timely and satisfactory treatment to the patients. An official audit of the healthcare system in 2018 revealed that the existing manpower was “barely sufficient to run the health institutions in view of sustained increase of patient flow across the state.” The hospitals have an acute shortage of nursing staff. “Against a requirement of 3,193 nurses...there are only 1,290 sanctioned posts of staff nurses in the [former] Jammu and Kashmir state with a deficit of 1,903 posts which need to be created” (Aljazeera 2020). No recruitment has been done in more than 20 years (Tramboo 2020). Similarly, Kashmir lacks the required number of doctors. The audit found that the doctor to patient ratio in the Kashmir region is one of the lowest in India. “Compared to the doctor-patient ratio of 1:2,000 in India, Jammu and Kashmir has one allopathic doctor for 3,866 people against the WHO norm of one doctor for 1,000 population” (Aljazeera 2020). According to Suhail Naik, president, Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK), there are more than 3,000 “unemployed doctors,” with no recruitment of dentists in 10 years (Tramboo 2020).